STEVE MAYO - Maritime Watercolor Paintings News http://stevemayoart.com The latest news from STEVE MAYO - Maritime Watercolor Paintings. en-us Mon, 20 Nov 2017 22:40:55 CST Mon, 20 Nov 2017 22:40:55 CST http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss HMS Discovery & Chatham Becalmed in Rosario Strait - June 9, 1792 <div></div> <p style="text-align: center; margin-bottom: 0in;"><img src="/admin/../resources/img/blog_img/833/Dis_a_4_6_12_best.JPG" align="textTop" alt="" width="640" height="468" /></p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <h3 style="text-align: center; "><strong><em>HMS Discovery</em>&nbsp;&amp;&nbsp;<em>Chatham</em>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Becalmed in Rosario Strait&nbsp;</strong></h3><div><h3 style="text-align: center;"><strong>- June 9, 1792</strong></h3></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp; &nbsp;During the summer of 1792, Captain George Vancouver was moving his two vessels up through northern Puget Sound while conducting his extensive survey of the Northwest coast of America. His flagship <em>HMS&nbsp;</em><em>Discovery</em>&nbsp;and tender&nbsp;<em>Chatham</em>&nbsp;had anchored, for the night of June 8th, off the southeast corner of Lopez Island at the beginning of Rosario Strait. Vancouver's plan was to move both vessels just seven miles north to Strawberry Bay on the west side of Cypress Island which the<em>Chatham</em>&nbsp;had earlier visited and named.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The morning of Saturday, June 9<sup>th</sup>, began overcast with no wind and a light rain. The tide was ebbing south all morning so the vessels had to wait where they were. Just after noon, a light northerly breeze came up, and by 1:00 PM the tide began to slow. Around 2:00 PM, with the sky clearing and the tide slack, the vessels got underway and tried working their way up the strait. By using the light breeze, they managed to get out into the middle of the strait where the beginning of the flood tide helped carry them north.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;My painting shows the two vessels around 3:00 as the wind died off in the middle of Rosario Strait with Mt. Baker in the background. The south part of Cypress Island is prominent behind the <em>Discovery</em>. Strawberry Bay, their destination, is just beyond the scene to the left. The <em>Chatham</em> has drifted a little further east and has lost steerageway. Vancouver has hoisted the signal to start towing; the <em>Chatham</em> has already manned her launch and is rigging a towline.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;With no wind, Vancouver wanted to ensure that both vessels reached Strawberry Bay with the help of the tide. He soon ordered the <em>Discovery</em> to also use her boats for towing. Fortunately, the heavy flagship was better positioned to gain the proposed new anchorage and eventually succeeded. The tidal current splits at Cypress Island and because <em>Chatham</em> was more to the east, she was carried northeast into another channel as the flood tide gained strength.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The officers aboard <em>Chatham</em> soon realized that even with the launch towing, they would be swept to the east of Cypress Island. They dropped their stream anchor but when it fetched up in the 5-knot current, the cable parted. That anchor was lost. One of the larger bower anchors was then dropped and the <em>Chatham</em> anchored securely. At next slack water, the <em>Chatham</em>'s boats dragged for the stream anchor but were unable to retrieve it. The following day the <em>Chatham</em> was able to make her way around to Strawberry Bay and anchor safely near the <em>Discovery</em>.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in;"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;A detail of significance in my painting is the portrayal of the stern decorations on the <em>Discovery</em>. I have followed, as closely as possible, a photograph of a wash painting of <em>HMS Discovery</em> done in 1790-91. The original was painted from life by a professional maritime artist, (possibly) Robert Cleveley, while the ship was moored in the Thames River just prior to her epic voyage.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The contemporary artist, Mark Myers, alerted me to the existence of this photocopy and where it resides in Whitby, England. The wash painting is very accurate so the hull and rigging details match precisely the actual Admiralty plans of <em>Discovery</em> in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. Unfortunately, the Admiralty plans do not show any details of the ship's stern decorations so that wash painting is very revealing. It also bears out the unusual detail from her body plan that we have known for years: the <em>Discovery</em> was built with no tumble-home to the sides of her hull.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The <em>Discovery</em> was built as a merchant ship on the Thames in 1789 but was purchased by the Admiralty before she was launched. She was fitted out specifically for her role as a Royal Navy survey and exploration ship. She had a useful naval career until 1808 but ended her days as a lowly prison hulk. Worn out and rotten, the old hulk was broken up in 1834.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The <em>Chatham</em> was built as a collier at Dover in 1788 and later purchased for the Royal Navy. She was plain, beamy and a rather dull sailer but apparently a reliable and sturdy vessel. The Navy kept her until 1830 when she was sold out of the service.</p> <div style="text-align: right; ">&#8211; Steve Mayo -2012</div> <div></div> Sat, 19 Jan 2013 20:48:46 CST Capt. Gray’s Ship Columbia Crossing the Bar - May 11, 1792 <h3 style="text-align: center;"><strong>Capt.</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Gray</strong><strong>&#8217;</strong><strong>s</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Ship</strong><strong> </strong><strong><em>Columbia</em>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Crossing</strong><strong> </strong><strong>the</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Bar&nbsp;</strong></h3><div><h3 style="text-align: center; "><strong>- May 11, 1792</strong></h3><div>&nbsp;</div></div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;On May 11, 1792, Captain Robert Gray sailed his ship <em>Columbia Rediviva</em> into the mouth of the &#8220;Great River of the West&#8221;. Since the <em>Columbia</em> was the first large vessel to enter the river, Gray named the river Columbia after his ship.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;My painting shows the notable promontory named Cape Disappointment visible to the left of <em>Columbia&#8217;s</em> stern while out ahead, a pinnace is sounding for depth and leading the way in.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The spring freshet was running with plenty of water as the ship was eased across the dangerous and uncharted bar. With a westerly breeze, the ship is under topsails to permit a careful approach through the rolling swells of the shallow entrance. A lookout is stationed high in the foremast and a seaman is sounding from the fore chains. It was a tense passage between the breaking seas in the shallows on either side of the channel, as the ship made its way into the river.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;From the log: &#8220;At eight, A.M., being a little to windward of the entrance of the Harbor, bore away, and run in east-north-east between the breakers, having from five to seven fathoms of water.&#8221;</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Fifth Mate John Boit writes, &#8220;This day saw an appearance of a spacious harbour abrest the Ship, haul&#8217;d our wind for itt, observ&#8217;d two sand bars making off, with a passage between them to a fine river. Out pinnace and sent her in ahead and followed with the Ship under short sail, carried in from &#189; three to 7 fathom, and when over the bar had 10 fathom Water quite fresh.&#8221;</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Once past the bar, the ship was brought to anchor in deeper water within the more protected waters of what is now Baker&#8217;s Bay behind Cape Disappointment. Over the next nine days, Captain Gray anchored the ship in several different locations as they moved farther up the river. The crew traded for furs and carried out an initial survey of this important discovery. The farthest east the ship got was the anchorage noted on Gray&#8217;s chart in Gray&#8217;s Bay about 15 miles from the mouth.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;After a good number of furs were collected, the <em>Columbia</em> sailed out across the bar, departing the river on May 20.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Just twelve days earlier, while coming south from the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the <em>Columbia</em> had met Captain Vancouver&#8217;s <em>HMS Discovery</em> and <em>Chatham</em> sailing north along the coast. Several days before, Vancouver had come past what he thought might be a small river&#8217;s mouth but it had not looked safe to explore. Gray told Vancouver; he too, had observed the possibility of a river in that vicinity and was returning south to further examine the area in search of furs.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in"> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Gray took <em>Columbia</em> first into Gray&#8217;s Harbor thereby naming it such and then went on to discover the &#8220;Great River of the West&#8221;.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The <em>Columbia</em> was originally built on the North River at Scituate, Massachusetts. The old vessel was purchased in 1787 for the fur trading expedition to the Pacific Northwest and completely refurbished at Plymouth. The rebuilding was so extensive, she was renamed &#8220;<em>Columbia Rediviva</em>&#8221;, Latin for &#8220;reborn&#8221;. She measured 83 feet, 6 inches on the lower deck which would have given her a length of 90 feet on the upper deck. She was 24 feet, 2 inches wide and when fully loaded, drew 11.5 feet of water. Her measured volumetric tonnage was 212 gross tons.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The three-masted ship-rig with square sails was the standard for ocean-going ships of her day. For boats she carried a longboat, a pinnace, a cutter and earlier, a whaleboat. The rotten whaleboat had been replaced with a new yawl built at Clayoquot Sound during the winter &#8217;91-&#8217;92. The <em>Columbia</em> was the first American-flagged vessel to circumnavigate the world flying the &#8220;stars and stripes.&#8221;</p> <p style="text-align: right; margin-bottom: 0in;"> Steve Mayo - 1989</p> Sat, 19 Jan 2013 19:23:35 CST H.M. Armed Tender Chatham Entering Cattle Pass - May 18, 1792 <!--[endif]--> <p align="center"><strong><img src="/admin/../resources/img/blog_img/833/Mayo_0109.JPG" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></strong></p><p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p><h3 style="text-align: center; "><strong><em>H.M. Armed Tender Chatham</em> Entering Cattle Pass </strong></h3><h3 style="text-align: center; "><strong>- May 18, 1792&nbsp;</strong></h3><div>&nbsp;</div><div></div> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; The brig <em>Chatham&#8217;</em>s commander, Lieutenant William Broughton, sails her through the pass between San Juan Island and Lopez Island to begin the first written survey of the San Juan Islands.&nbsp;The cutter, under <em>Chatham&#8217;</em>s master, James Johnstone, is leading the way as they buck the outgoing tide.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Early that morning, with cloudy weather, they had sailed from Discovery Bay on the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca in company with <em>H.M.S. Discovery</em>.&nbsp;&nbsp; Captain Vancouver took <em>Discovery </em>east to explore Admiralty Inlet while Broughton was directed to examine the Islands to the north.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The light southeasterly breeze was fair to carry <em>Chatham,</em> with all plain sail set, north across the strait leaving, Smith Island to starboard.&nbsp;In the afternoon, the sky began to clear as the breeze strengthened and shifted to a southwesterly.&nbsp;With a fine wind, they steered for the middle opening to the islands.&nbsp;At 5:30 PM, near the pass, <em>Chatham </em>hove to and hoisted out her cutter.&nbsp;Johnstone was rowed ahead in the small boat to take soundings and lead the way into the narrow pass.&nbsp;Lieutenant Broughton followed with the brig under easy sail (topgallants furled), past Goose Island and into Griffin Bay.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; From Lieutenant Broughton&#8217;s log: &#8220;1/2 past 5 hove to &amp; sent the Cutter to sound the entrance of an opening which was discovered. At 6 entr&#8217;d the harbor, sounded 19 fms.&#8221;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; From Broughton&#8217;s journal:&nbsp;&#8220;Some Rocky Islands lay off the entrance and the appearance of &nbsp;Broken Water or else a very strong tide setting to windw&#8217;rd.&nbsp;The Cutter went ahead to sound &#8211; and we followed her through a passage of a mile in width, carrying in &#8211; 19, 13 &amp; 12 fath&#8217;ms close to the larboard Rocky Island as we entered.&#8221;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; From Mr. Johnstone&#8217;s journal:&nbsp;&#8220;The wind now veered to about SW and blew fresh which enabled us to fetch the middle opening.&nbsp;The water across the entrance having a suspicious appearance of shoals, I went ahead in the Cutter, whilst the vessel followed under easy sail.&#8221;</p><div style="text-align: right; ">- Steve Mayo, 1986</div> <p align="center"><em><span style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: &quot;Monotype Corsiva&quot;;">&nbsp;</span></em></p><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sun, 17 Jun 2012 17:20:18 CDT Columbia Meets HMS Discovery & Chatham - April 29, 1792 <p align="center"><img src="/admin/../resources/img/blog_img/833/Columbia_meets_Disc_and_Chtm.jpg" width="300" height="222" alt="" /><br /></p><div>&nbsp;</div><div style="text-align: center; "><strong>Capt. Robert Gray's ship <em>Columbia</em> meeting Capt. George Vancouver's ships <em>HMS Discovery</em> and <em>Chatham</em> off the Northwest coast of America - April 29, 1792&nbsp;</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp; The fur-trading ship&nbsp;<strong><em>Columbia Rediviva&nbsp;</em></strong>of Boston commanded by Captain Robert Gray is shown approaching the Northwest coast south of Cape Flattery. &nbsp;<em>Columbia&nbsp;</em>had spent the night sailing out to sea for half the night then reversing her course to sail back toward the coast.&nbsp;This common practice for vessels exploring unknown shores would place them at dawn at or near where they had been the evening before.&nbsp;The task of examining the shore could continue in the safety of daylight.&nbsp;Gray and his men were surprised to see two vessels coming up from the south to meet them.</div><div> </div><div></div><div>&nbsp;</div> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The two vessels were <strong><em>HMS Discovery</em> </strong>and <strong><em>HM Armed Tender Chatham</em></strong><em>,</em> under Captain George Vancouver, on their mission to chart and explore the North Pacific coast for Great Britain.&nbsp;Vancouver&#8217;s vessels had spent the night anchored off Destruction Island south of the Quillayute River.&nbsp;At 4:00 AM, with first light, they weighed anchor and got underway.&nbsp;First with a light easterly then changing to southerly, the vessels began sailing nor&#8217;northwest close along the coast with all sail set including stuns&#8217;ls (studding sails). </p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Around 5:30, the ships sighted each other off the mouth of the Quillayute River, hoisted their colors and shortened sail to meet.&nbsp;This view shows the ships converging around 6:00 with a light southwesterly breeze.&nbsp;The entire crew of <em>Columbia</em> is visible on deck or in the rigging to see who the approaching ships might be.&nbsp;<em>Discovery</em> and <em>Chatham</em> are still taking in their stuns&#8217;ls.&nbsp;By 6:30, all three vessels were hove to and Vancouver sent Lieutenant Peter Puget with Archibald Menzies across to the American ship in a small 16&#8217; cutter.&nbsp;Captain Gray shared with the British information gleaned from his fur-trading activities, including details of harbors, inlets and passages of the Northwest coast.&nbsp;After several hours together, the British ships headed north to round Cape Flattery and enter the Strait of Juan de Fuca, followed for a time by <em>Columbia</em>.</p><div>&nbsp;</div> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;From Vancouver&#8217;s journal, referring to Captain Gray: </p><blockquote style="margin: 0 0 0 40px; border: none; padding: 0px;"><div>&#8220;It was not a little remarkable that, on our approach to the entrance of this inland sea, we should fall in with the identical person who, it had been stated (by British fur-trader John Meares), had sailed through it.&#8221;</div></blockquote><div>&nbsp;</div> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;From <em>Columbia&#8217;s</em> 4<sup>th</sup> mate, John Boit&#8217;s, journal:&nbsp;</p><blockquote style="margin: 0 0 0 40px; border: none; padding: 0px;"><div>&#8220;This day spoke His Britannic Majesty&#8217;s Ships <em>Discovery&nbsp;</em>and&nbsp;<em>Chatham</em>, commanded by Capt. George Vancouver and Lieutenant Wm. Broughton, from England, on a voyage of discovery.&nbsp;A boat boarded us from the Discovery, and we gave them all the information in our power, especially as respected the Straits of Juan de Fuca, which place they was then in search of.&#8221;</div></blockquote><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Lieutenant Peter Puget was the officer in charge of the boat that was rowed over to the&nbsp;<em>Columbia</em>. </div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This chance meeting of these explorers on the Northwest coast of America was a surprising and historic encounter.&nbsp;</div><div style="text-align: right; ">- Steve Mayo</div> Sun, 17 Jun 2012 16:59:58 CDT Welcome! <div>Welcome to the official Steve Mayo Art website. Prints and originals are available for purchase now. </div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div> <div>Please enter your email address in the "JOIN MY ART GROUP" box on the&nbsp;<a title="Home Page" href="http://www.stevemayoart.com/">Home Page</a> (bottom left) to be added to our mailing list. We would like to update you on Steve Mayo prints and new originals for sale, and an occasional piece of interest to marine art fans. You can unsubscribe at any time.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>We'd love to hear from you - please <a title="Contact Us" href="http://www.stevemayoart.com/contact/">Contact Us</a> with your questions and comments.</div> </div> <div>&nbsp;</div> Mon, 02 May 2011 18:33:00 CDT